As a regulated primary health care profession, chiropody involves treatment and prevention of diseases, disorders or dysfunctions of the foot by therapeutic, orthotic or palliative means. Chiropodists are trained exclusively to assess and treat foot problems. They are often called upon by physicians and other health care professionals for consultation and treatment of these common foot problems: Prescription orthotics Ingrown toenails (conservative or surgical) Thickened/distorted nails Fungal nail or skin infections Painful corns or calluses Plantar warts or lesions Cracked/fissured heels Diabetic or arthritic foot care Localized heel or arch pain Custom footwear As you walk, the nails, joints, muscles, bones, and skin of your feet may suffer form wear and tear. The skin and toenails may become thickened, infected or sore. The joints, muscles and bones may become painful. If untreated, these problems can worsen.